Sheikh Nimr Baqir al-Nimr was a Shia cleric and opposition leader who repeatedly called for nonviolent civil disobedience of discriminatory government policy. On 8 July 2012, Saudi authorities violently arrested Sheikh Nimr in the Eastern Province town of Awamiyya. After trying him for an array of offenses related to his peaceful activism, a Saudi terrorism tribunal sentenced Sheikh Nimr to death on 15 October 2014. On 2 January 2016, the Government of Saudi Arabia executed Sheikh Nimr.

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