27 Experts Call on President Obama to Discuss Reform in Bahrain during Saudi Visit

On 10 March 2014, 27 experts sent a letter to United States President Barack Obama urging him to address the growing crisis in Bahrain with counterparts in Saudi Arabia during his upcoming visit to the country. Please continue reading for the full letter or click here for a PDF.

Dear President Obama,

We are writing to encourage you to discuss the crisis in Bahrain with your counterparts in Saudi Arabia during your upcoming visit to the Kingdom. Saudi Arabia has significant influence in Bahrain through its strong political, economic, and social ties with the Bahrainis. Real and lasting stability in Bahrain can only be achieved through genuine reform, and we call on you to urge the Saudi leadership to play a more constructive role in this regard.

As Deputy Secretary of State William Burns recently noted, when the United States and the Gulf “work in concert, we can help shape outcomes that not only advance reform, but also advance stability.”  You have a key opportunity to achieve this goal in Bahrain.

As the situation in Bahrain continues to deteriorate, addressing this issue must be an urgent priority.  The State Department recently assessed the Bahraini government’s progress in implementing the recommendations of the 2011 Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI), and found that only five of its 26 recommendations were fully implemented. The assessment also recognized the Government’s failure to investigate claims of torture and cases that resulted in death, to ensure that individuals are no longer charged or detained for exercising their right to free speech, or to foster an environment that promotes dialogue.

Efforts last year to negotiate a political solution collapsed after the process failed to deliver any real progress, key opposition figures were arrested, and human rights violations continued.  As you said in 2011, “The only way forward is for the government and opposition to engage in a dialogue, and you can’t have a real dialogue when parts of the peaceful opposition are in jail.  The government must create the conditions for dialogue, and the opposition must participate to forge a just future for all Bahrainis.”  That was true then, and remains true today.

The Crown Prince and opposition political societies in Bahrain have recently announced the launch of a new phase in negotiations aimed at revitalizing a process to find a political solution to the country’s crisis.  The people of Bahrain have made it clear that their legitimate, democratic demands for reform will not go away, and must be addressed with solutions. As two of Bahrain’s most influential allies, the United States and Saudi Arabia possess a special obligation to pursue stability in the country by promoting reform that meets these demands. The Bahraini ruling family would be greatly affected by hearing from the King and other Saudi royals that compromise, not repression, is the only path to stability.

We urge you to discuss Bahrain during your upcoming visit to Saudi Arabia, and seek to enlist the Saudis in an approach that can end the political crisis and the violence that afflict Bahrain.  Reform and stability can co-exist, and the United States must demonstrate the leadership needed to realize that model in the Gulf.


Stephen McInerney
Project on Middle East Democracy

Elliott Abrams
Council on Foreign Relations

Michele Dunne
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Michael Rubin
American Enterprise Institute

Charles Dunne
Freedom House

Stephen Grand
The Brookings Institution

Husain Abdulla
Americans for Democracy and Human Rights in Bahrain

Brian Dooley
Human Rights First

Matthew Duss
Center for American Progress

David Andrew Weinberg
Foundation for Defense of Democracies

Emile Nakhleh
University of New Mexico

Ann Marlowe
Hudson Institute

Jon Rainwater
Peace Action West

Lisa Schirch
Alliance for Peacebuilding

Anne-Marie Slaughter
New America Foundation

Rep. James T. Kolbe
German Marshall Fund

Larry Diamond
Stanford University

Sarah Chayes
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Jennifer L. Windsor
Georgetown University

Christopher J. Griffin
Foreign Policy Initiative

Cathy Feingold

Shawna Bader-Blau
Solidarity Center

Frederic Wehrey
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Toby C. Jones
Rutgers University

Joshua Muravchik
Johns Hopkins University

Donna McKay
Physicians for Human Rights

Christophe Deloire
Reporters Without Borders

Robert Naiman
Just Foreign Policy

*This letter reflects the views of the individual signatories; institutional affiliations are listed for the purpose of identification only.

الرجاء الضغط هنا لقراءة هذه الرسالة باللغة العربي